Download When They Hid the Fire: A History of Electricity and by Daniel French PDF

By Daniel French

When They concealed the Fire examines the yankee social perceptions of electrical energy as an strength know-how that have been followed among the mid-nineteenth and early a long time of the 20th centuries. Arguing that either technical and cultural elements performed a task, Daniel French indicates how electrical energy grew to become an invisible and summary kind of power in American society. As technological developments allowed for an expanding actual distance among energy new release and tool intake, the commodity of electrical energy grew to become consciously indifferent from the environmentally damaging hearth and coal that produced it. This improvement, in addition to cultural forces, led the general public to outline electrical energy as mysterious, utopian, and an alternative choice to within sight fire-based power assets. With its adoption happening at the same time with Progressivism and consumerism, electrical energy use used to be inspired and noticeable as an essential component of development and modernity, prime americans to culturally build electrical energy as limitless and environmentally inconsequential—a newfound “basic correct” of lifestyles within the United States.

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Download Earthquakes and Engineers: An International History by Robert K. Reitherman PDF

By Robert K. Reitherman

Earthquakes and Engineers: a global background is the 1st entire therapy of the engineering concepts devised around the globe to handle seismic difficulties. starting in precedent days, threading during the Renaissance, and carrying on with into the latter half the 20 th century, Reitherman lines the evolution of humankind’s figuring out of the reason and features of earthquakes and the improvement of tips on how to layout buildings that withstand seismic shocks. This e-book examines the responses not just of structural engineers, but additionally of geotechnical engineers, architects, and planners. overseas efforts in such nations as Japan, China, India, Chile, Turkey, Italy, and the USA are positioned within the broader social, technological, and monetary contexts in their eras.

This hugely readable booklet is a vital reference for civil engineers who paintings on tasks in seismic areas. For researchers within the box of the heritage of technological know-how and expertise, the e-book provides unique resource fabric and an intensive checklist of references. Written in an easy sort that's obtainable to nonengineers, it is going to even be important to architects, planners, officers, and social scientists.

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Download Securing the Network: F. Scott Yeager and the Rise of the by Nathan Gregory PDF

By Nathan Gregory

The time has come to inform the opposite tale of the web, the one who continues to be principally unknown, the tale of the construction of today’s advertisement Internet.
This e-book presents not just the tale, yet backs the story with tremendous volumes of aiding details, documentation, video clips and more.
Scott Yeager used to be the visionary motive force for the formation of MAE-East, the long-haul advertisement web spine at MFS Datanet, and a pioneer of the media-rich streaming facts providers that got here into being on the ill-fated Enron Broadband companies ahead of the Dot-com bubble burst in March of 2000.
In 1991, advertisement use of the net was once a brand new and radical idea. the net was once owned and operated by way of the nationwide technological know-how starting place and was once strictly constrained within the issues it can be used for. specifically, the NSF had an appropriate makes use of coverage, a.k.a. the AUP, which prohibited any kind of advertisement utilization of the Internet.
The NSF used to be trying to "sell" the web to a company entity and get out of the operation of the community. Many within the net group believed that once IBM teamed with benefit and MCI to shape a partnership in a brand new corporation, they'd win a freelance to be the industrial spine. It was once assumed that if this occurred they might personal the web, and dictate utilization simply because the NSF had. They bristled at this prospect.
This new Merit/IBM/MCI corporation was once referred to as complex community and companies (ANS) and operated the web NOC in Ann Arbor Michigan as a part of the venture.
Many of the small inner most web services didn't like ANS in any respect. They thought of them a danger to the openness of the net. there has been a funny story on the time that acknowledged "The merely factor lacking from ANS is U" which seemed on a favored T-Shirt at Interop 1992.
During 1992 debate raged approximately who used to be going to “own” the web while the NSF grew to become off the spine and the small IP backbones began to hold site visitors via interconnecting. From this debate emerged an self sufficient entity, an interconnection aspect known as MAE-East.
From there, the economic web advanced and grew, and developed into the net we all know this day. this is often the tale of ways that took place, advised from the viewpoint of either myself, and my buddy and company companion F. Scott Yeager.

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Download Marconi: The Man Who Networked the World by Marc Raboy PDF

By Marc Raboy

a bit over a century in the past the realm went instant. Cables and all their proscribing inefficiencies gave strategy to a innovative technique of transmitting information and data nearly in all places, right away. by way of "Hertzian waves," as radio waves have been firstly identified, ships may possibly now make touch with different ships (saving lives, resembling at the doomed R.M.S. Titanic); monetary markets may possibly coordinate with different monetary markets, developing the cost of commodities and solving alternate premiums; army commanders may perhaps connect to front strains, positioning artillery and directing troop routine. without notice and irrevocably, time and area telescoped past what have been inspiration possible. somebody had not just imagined this networked international yet discovered it: Guglielmo Marconi.

As Marc Raboy indicates us during this captivating and accomplished biography, Marconi was once the 1st actually international determine in glossy communications. Born to an Italian father and an Irish mom, he was once in lots of methods stateless, operating his cosmopolitanism to virtue. via a mixture of ability, tenacity, good fortune, imaginative and prescient, and timing, Marconi popularized-and, extra significantly, patented-the use of radio waves. quickly after he burst into public view with an illustration of his instant equipment in London on the age of twenty-two in 1896, he verified his instant Telegraph & sign corporation and appeared unstoppable. He was once adorned by means of the Czar of Russia, named an Italian Senator, knighted by means of King George V of britain, and provided the Nobel Prize for Physics-all earlier than the age of forty. until eventually his loss of life in 1937, Marconi used to be on the middle of each significant innovation in digital verbal exchange, courted by means of robust clinical, political, and fiscal pursuits, and trailed by way of the media, which recorded and released approximately each of his utterances. He verified stations and transmitters in each nook of the globe, from Newfoundland to Buenos Aires, Hawaii to Saint Petersburg.

Based on unique learn and unpublished archival fabrics in 4 international locations and a number of other languages, Raboy's publication is the 1st to attach major components of Marconi's tale, from his early days in Italy, to his groundbreaking experiments, to his protean position in global affairs. Raboy additionally explores Marconi's relationships along with his other halves, mistresses, and youngsters, and examines in unsparing aspect the final ten years of the inventor's lifestyles, whilst he back to Italy and have become a pillar of Benito Mussolini's fascist regime. Raboy's engrossing biography, so as to stand because the authoritative paintings of its topic, proves that we nonetheless stay on the earth Marconi created.

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Download At Home in Space: The Late Seventies into the Eighties by Ben Evans PDF

By Ben Evans

This quantity, just like the others, not just focuses upon the person missions in the decade but additionally upon key demanding situations dealing with human area exploration at particular issues inside these years - from the issues of easily respiring and consuming in house to the demanding situations of venturing open air in a pressurized spacesuit, the improvement of more moderen and higher house bathrooms, and the problems of locomotion at the Moon. The Eighties was once a time whilst touring into area way more standard. reading intimately the yankee and Soviet fronts, Ben Evans offers a entire research of the various fortunes of the U.S. house trip within the Eighties, together with its early try out flights and advertisement flights, its difficulties, the 51L tragedy and its aftermath, and the resumption of operations with STS-26. The U.S. tale ends with STS-37 in April 1991. within the Soviet sphere, pivotal area station efforts - Salyut 7 and its succesor, Mir - are thought of, exhibiting how they have been alike and different.

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Download The Birth of NASA: The Work of the Space Task Group, by Dutch Ehrenfried PDF

By Dutch Ehrenfried

This is the tale of the paintings of the unique NASA house pioneers; women and men who have been all of sudden equipped in 1958 from the then nationwide Advisory Committee on Aeronautics (NACA) into the distance job workforce. a comparatively small crew, they built the preliminary project thought plans and tactics for the U. S. area application. Then they boldly equipped and amenities to complete these missions. the crowd existed purely 3 years sooner than they have been transferred to the Manned Spacecraft heart in Houston, Texas, in 1962, yet their association left a wide mark on what may follow.
Von Ehrenfried's own event with the STG at Langley uniquely positions him to explain the best way the gang was once based and the way it reacted to the hot calls for of a post-Sputnik period. He artfully analyzes how the transforming into house software was once controlled and what suggestions enabled it to boost so quick from an operations point of view. the result's a desirable window into heritage, amply subsidized up through first individual documentation and interviews.

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Download Urban Modernity: Cultural Innovation in the Second by Miriam R. Levin,Sophie Forgan,Martina Hessler,Robert H. PDF

By Miriam R. Levin,Sophie Forgan,Martina Hessler,Robert H. Kargon,Morris Low

At the shut of the 19th century, industrialization and urbanization marked the top of the conventional realizing of society as rooted in agriculture. city Modernity examines the development of an urban-centered, industrial-based culture--an totally new social truth in keeping with technology and know-how. The authors express that this invention of modernity was once led to in the course of the efforts of city elites--businessmen, industrialists, and officials--to identify new technology- and technology-related associations. overseas expositions, museums, and different such associations and initiatives helped stem the commercial and social instability fueled by way of industrialization, projecting the prior and the long run as a part of a gentle continuum of medical and technical growth. The authors research the dynamic connecting city making plans, museums, academic associations, and expositions in Paris, London, Chicago, Berlin, and Tokyo from 1870 to 1930. In 3rd Republic Paris, politicians, directors, social scientists, architects, and engineers applied the long run urban via a chain of commissions, organizations, and organisations; in speedily increasing London, cultures of technology and know-how have been either rooted in and constitutive of city tradition; in Chicago after the nice fireplace, advertisement membership contributors pursued civic beliefs via medical and technological swap; in Berlin, undefined, clinical institutes, and the popularization of technological know-how helped create a latest city; and in Meiji-era Tokyo (Edo), modernization and Westernization went hand in hand.

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Download High Plains Horticulture: A History by John F. Freeman PDF

By John F. Freeman

High Plains Horticulture explores the numerous, civilizing position that horticulture has performed within the improvement of farmsteads and rural and concrete groups at the excessive Plains parts of Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, and Wyoming, drawing on either the technological know-how and the applying of technology practiced due to the fact 1840. Freeman explores early efforts to complement local and imported foodstuffs, kingdom and native encouragement to plant bushes, the perform of horticulture on the Union Colony of Greeley, the pioneering actions of financial botanists Charles Bessey (in Nebraska) and Aven Nelson (in Wyoming), and the shift from nutrients creation to group beautification because the excessive Plains have been completely settled and have become extra urbanized. In impending the background of horticulture from the viewpoint of neighborhood and unofficial heritage, Freeman will pay tribute to the tempered idealism, discovered pragmatism, and perseverance of people from all walks of existence trying to create livable locations out of the tremendous, doubtless inhospitable excessive Plains. He additionally means that, slowly yet without doubt, those who inhabit them were studying to regulate to the bounds of that fragile land. excessive Plains Horticulture will attract not just scientists and execs but additionally gardening lovers drawn to the heritage in their pastime at the excessive Plains.

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Download The 20th Century Legacy by Frank J. Welch PDF

By Frank J. Welch

the 20 th century used to be the main impressive interval within the historical past of human civilization. Packed inside of little a couple of hundred years used to be the mapping of the universe from the internal of atoms to the ends of outer area. the character of subject was once outlined. technological know-how blossomed. people invented machines to do their hard work and created a cyber international of automation to reinforce their pondering. those suggestions created a posh, complicated, and numerous society in clash with longstanding cultural values. Society has replaced from one during which manpower is the severe monetary aspect to at least one within which manpower is basically superfluous. Such is "The twentieth Century Legacy".

In this e-book Frank J. Welch, a retired scientist and longtime supervisor of know-how, lines the advance of know-how and technology over contemporary years and explains their impression on society and executive. His "outside the field" view explains how the preferred figuring out of technological know-how and expertise and their results on society is wrong and deceptive. He notes that range inhibits cultural controls over damaging human behaviors.

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